On Thursday, June 19, Bishop Louis Tagle of Imus, Philippines, received a standing ovation for his catechesis on the nature of the Sacrifice of Jesus and its implications for the spirituality and social ministry of the Christian. Here are large excerpts from his catechesis:
"These past days we have been affirming that the Church lives by the gift of the life of Christ… What a wonderful mystery it is to live by the life of Christ. Jesus’ mission is to give His life so that others may live. In John 6:51 He says, ‘I am the living bread that came down from heaven. Whoever eats of this bread will live forever; and the bread that I will give for the life of the world is my flesh.’ Jesus the Bread of Life is a gift from the Father. Those who eat this Bread, who receive Jesus into their persons, will have life. He will lay down His life, so that others ‘may have life and have it abundantly’ (Jn.10:10).
Every Eucharist proclaims, ‘God so loved the world that He gave His only Son, so that everyone who believes in Him may not perish but may have eternal life’ (Jn 3:16). Because the life of Christ is oriented towards others, the Church must share this life with the world. The Life of Christ is His gift to the Church that is meant to be the Church’s gift to the world. In the Eucharist we don’t only receive the life of Christ. Beholding this most precious gift, we are moved as well to worship and adore the Triune God.
The Eucharist does not fail to evoke from grateful hearts the worship and adoration that God deserves. But as we worship and adore we realize that it is Jesus who guides us on the way of true worship and adoration.
The Catholic Tradition refers to the Eucharist as the sacrament of Jesus’ sacrifice… Jesus’ sacrifice of his life was not focused on Himself or His agenda but rather was a response to the Father who had sent Him. The fulfillment of His saving will pleases the Father more than any burnt sacrifices (Heb 8:9). Thus obedience to God makes the gift of self an act of worship. Secondly, His worship includes His solidarity with feeble sinners. In Hebrews 4:15-16 it is stated, ‘For we do not have a high priest who is unable to sympathize with our weaknesses, but we have one who in every respect has been tested as we are, yet without sin. Let us therefore approach the throne of grace with boldness, so that we may receive mercy and find grace in time of need.’
"His oneness with weak humanity was essential to His priestly service or worship on behalf of the people. Hebrews 2:17-18 states eloquently, ‘Therefore he had to become like His brothers and sisters in every respect, so that He might be a merciful and faithful high priest in the service of God, to make a sacrifice of atonement for the sins of the people. Because He Himself was tested by what he suffered, He is able to help those who are being tested.’ Here the image of priestly service or worship is applied to the redemptive mission of Jesus.
"His embrace of the trials and sufferings of human beings has made Him a brother who can now truly intercede for them before the Father’s mercy rather than judge them harshly. He worships through supplications to God welling up from His compassion for erring sinners. In other words, Jesus’ prayer to the Father gives voice to humankind’s laments and hopes that He has made His own. In summary, we can say that the worship of Jesus is the sacrifice of His own life offered to fulfill the Father’s will to save sinners, whose weaknesses He shares in order to lift them to the mercy of God as a compassionate High Priest and Brother. Obedience to God and compassionate action on behalf of sinners form one unitary act of worship.
"They cannot be separated from each other. Jesus’ intercessory life for weak humanity before God is His priestly worship that fulfills God’s will. Ultimately, we see in Jesus’ worship the embodiment of loving God with one’s whole being and loving one’s neighbors as oneself. Every time we come to the Eucharist, Jesus renews His unique sacrifice and invites us to share in his worship of self-oblation.
"In baptism, we begin sharing in Jesus’ sacrifice of obedience to the Father in solidarity with sinners. Baptism unites us to Jesus’ sacrificial death and newness of life. Saint Paul tells us in Romans 6:3-4, ‘Do you not know that all of us who have been baptized into Christ Jesus were baptized into His death? Therefore we have been buried with him by baptism into death, so that, just as Christ was raised from the dead by the glory of the Father, so we too might walk in newness of life.’
"In union with Christ and in the power of the Holy Spirit, we are enabled to offer our life for God that involves dying to sin. Renunciation of sin and faith in God form the fundamental worship and sacrifice of the baptized, made possible by our sharing in the sacrifice of Jesus. In this light we can understand Saint Paul’s words in Romans 12:1, ‘I appeal to you therefore, brothers and sisters, by the mercies of God, to present your bodies as a living sacrifice, holy and acceptable to God, which is your spiritual worship.’
"Like Jesus we are to offer a living sacrifice not made up of calves, goats and grain but of lives dedicated to God. This living sacrifice united with Christ’s sacrifice builds up the Christian community as well. 1 Peter 2:4 rightly states, ‘Come to Him, a living stone, though rejected by mortals yet chosen and precious in God’s sight, and like living stones, let yourselves be built into a spiritual house, to be a holy priesthood, to offer spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God though Jesus Christ.’ It is evident that the living sacrifice of the baptized includes ethical demands.
"Saint Paul tells us that offering our bodies as a living sacrifice will happen only if we are not conformed to this world but are transformed by the renewing of our minds, so that we may discern what is the will of God — what is good and acceptable and perfect (Rm 12:2). Conformity to the will of God is a key to the sacrifice of life. It also involves living in genuine love, contributing to the needs of others, rejoicing with those who rejoice, weeping with those who weep (Rm 12:9-21). We are back where we started.
"Jesus’ sacrifice of obedience to the Father and communion with weak sinners is the same sacrifice that the baptized are asked to offer as a gift to the world. This is so because we have received His life in baptism. And in every Eucharistic memorial of Christ’s sacrifice, we are taken up into its life-giving power so that we can share it for the life of the world.
"It is ironic that during the public ministry of Jesus, He was not always perceived as someone who offered a sacrifice pleasing to God. Instead of being praised for being obedient, He was frequently accused of transgressing the law of God. No wonder, some people attributed His miracles to the power of the prince of demons rather than to Divine intervention. His critics even took His repeated claims of oneness with God as blasphemy rather than as revelation of God’s truth. (...)
"Jesus suffered on account of His self-offering for those loved by God. But He never wavered in His sacrifice. In the process He exposed the false gods that people worshipped, erroneous notions of holiness and the blindness of righteous people to the visitations of God. Jesus’ sacrifice uncovered the link between the worship of false gods and insensitivity to the needy.
"An idolater easily loses compassion for the weak. Though He was judged, Jesus was the one actually judging the untrue worship that kept people blind and deaf to the true God and the poor. The Church that lives the life of Christ and offers His living sacrifice cannot run away from its mission to unearth the false gods worshipped by the world. How many people have exchanged the true God for idols like profit, prestige, pleasure and control? Those who worship false gods also dedicate their lives to them. In reality these false gods are self-interests.
"To keep these false gods, their worshippers sacrifice other people’s lives and the earth. It is sad that those who worship idols sacrifice other people while preserving themselves and their interests. How many factory workers are being denied the right wages for the god of profit? How many women are being sacrificed to the god of domination? How many children are being sacrificed to the god of lust? How many trees, rivers, hills are being sacrificed to the god of ‘progress’? How many poor people are being sacrificed to the god of greed? How many defenseless people are being sacrificed to the god of national security?
"The Church however must also constantly examine its fidelity to Jesus’ sacrifice of obedience to God and compassion for the poor. Like those who opposed Jesus in the name of authentic religion, we could be blind to God and neighbors because of selfrighteousness, spiritual pride and rigidity of mind...
"The sacrifice or spiritual worship of Jesus on the Cross is His supreme act of adoration. In the Eucharist, the Church joins Jesus in adoring the God of life. But the practice of Eucharistic adoration enlivens some features of worship. We believe that the presence of Christ in the Eucharist continues beyond the liturgy. At any time we can adore the Blessed Sacrament and join the Lord’s self-offering to God for the life of the world.
"Adoration connotes being present, resting, and beholding. In adoration, we are present to Jesus whose sacrifice is ever present to us. Abiding in Him, we are assimilated more deeply into his self-giving. Beholding Jesus, we receive and are transformed by the mystery we adore. Eucharistic adoration is similar to standing at the foot of the Cross of Jesus, being a witness to His sacrifice of life and being renewed by it.
"Aside from the Blessed Mother and the Beloved Disciple who kept vigil with the dying Jesus, the Roman centurion who had been watching over Jesus when He died could also be a model of adoration. Probably the centurion guarded Jesus from His arrest to His death. Seeing Jesus betrayed, arrested, accused, humiliated, stripped, and brutally nailed to the cross, he surprisingly concluded, ‘This man is innocent’ (Lk 23:47), and ‘Truly, this is the Son of God’ (Mt 27:54; Mk 15:39). Already hardened by many crucifixions he had supervised, he must have seen something new in Jesus. (...)
"He heard the lies fabricated in the Sanhedrin and Pilate’s surrender to the crowd, despite the lack of a case against Jesus. He beheld people ridiculing Jesus, spitting on Him, stripping Him and crucifying Him. He heard the painful cry, ‘My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?’ (Mk 15:34). The centurion saw incredible cruelty from friends, leaders, and even from a distant God. Betrayal, inhumanity, and viciousness continue up to our time in the many crucifixions of the poor and of creation. We cannot help but wonder why friends, leaders, and God are unresponsive.
"But I also believe that in Jesus the centurion saw incredible love, love for the God who had failed to remove this cup of suffering from Him, and love for neighbors. For His enemies, He begged the Father’s forgiveness (Lk 23:34). To a bandit He promised paradise (Lk 23:43). For His mother he secured a new family (Jn 19:26-27). And to the God who had abandoned Him, He abandoned himself, ‘Father, into your hands I commend my spirit’ (Lk 23:46).
"The centurion saw love blooming in the aridity of inhumanity. Amidst the noise of ridicule and lies, this man Jesus uttered words of fidelity and truth. Everywhere people were shouting ‘no’ to Jesus, but the centurion heard from Jesus only ‘yes’ to the Father, ‘yes’ to neighbors, ‘yes’ to mission. In this horrible cross of hatred and violence, the centurion found love, unwavering love, a love that refused to die, a love that was strong as steel against evil, yet tender before the beloved. (...)
"In Eucharistic adoration, let us join the centurion in watching over Jesus and see what he has seen. Let us cringe in horror at the sight of destructive evil. Let us marvel at the reality of spotless love, of pure sacrifice and worship. I wish that Eucharistic adoration would lead us to know Jesus more as the compassionate companion of many crucified peoples of today. Let us spend time too with the multitudes of innocent victims of our time.
"We might be able to touch Jesus who knows their tears and pain for He has made them His own and has changed them into hope and love. Watching over our suffering neighbors, we could be changed like the centurion into discerners of truth and heralds of faith. And hopefully when people behold how we bear others’ crosses in love, they too would see the face of innocence and the Son of God in us. Let us adore Jesus who offered His life as a gift to the Father for us sinners. Let us adore Him for ourselves, for the poor, for the earth, for the Church and for the life of the world. Thank you very much."